All cosmetic products supplied in the UK, whether for consumer or professional use, must comply with the Cosmetics Products (Safety) Regulations 2008.
The Regulations require that finished cosmetic products must undergo a safety assessment by a suitably qualified person before they can be placed on the market.
The Cosmetics Directive on which the Regulations are based is updated periodically, reflecting changes to the prohibitions and restrictions on certain substances, and subsequent amendments to the are available on the OPSI website.
All toys supplied in the UK must meet the requirements of the Toys (Safety) Regulations 1995 (PDF, 100K)
The regulations define a toy as ‘any product or material designed or clearly intended for use in play by children of less than 14 years of age, but excluding those products specified in Schedule 3 [of the regulations]’.
Note that a revised European directive came into force on 20 July 2011. The directive substantially amended the existing regulations across virtually all safety aspects. You can download the text of the new Directive 2009/48/EC from the EUR-Lex website (PDF, 995K).
CE marking on toys
All toys presented for sale in the UK must bear the CE marking and the name and address of the person who first placed the toy on the market.
The CE mark is a declaration by the manufacturer that the product satisfies essential safety requirements and can be sold within the EU. For more information see the section on CE marking.
Local authority trading standards officers can remove a toy from the market if they believe it to be unsafe.
Testing for toys
If you manufacture a toy in accordance with the regulations - and the standards cover all aspects relating to the toy - then it can be self-certified.
Where the standards do not cover all aspects relating to the toy, a sample must be submitted for type examination by an approved body.
If you import toys you are responsible for their safety, whether or not they already bear a CE mark. You might want to consider having them tested to ensure they are safe.
Other child safety regulations
Other laws relating to child safety include:
Fireworks are available throughout the year from shops licensed to supply them. They become widely available at certain times of the year, mainly a few days before New Year’s Eve, Diwali and Chinese New Year, and in the weeks leading up to Bonfire Night on 5 November.
If you supply or sell fireworks or if you organise display events you must be aware of your responsibilities.
Your responsibilities as a firework manufacturer or importer
If you manufacture category 1, 2 or 3 fireworks or import category 1, 2 or 3 fireworks which are manufactured outside the EU, you must ensure they conform to European safety standards before supplying them for sale to the public. To do this, you need to ensure that the fireworks have been tested by a notified body (NB).
Once the NB has approved them, the products must carry the CE mark and be correctly labelled with details of the manufacturer and importer.
Pyrotechnics that were manufactured or imported before 4 July 2010 and that complied with British Standard BS 7114 can continue to be sold without the CE mark until 4 July 2017.
Category 3 fireworks must not exceed 120 decibels.
Category 4 display fireworks that are not intended for supply to consumers must be marked accordingly.
If you import fireworks, you must ensure they comply with the EU safety standards, carry the CE mark and supply information at the point of entry to ensure that fireworks are legally stored and distributed. This information should be given to HM Revenue & Customs and will then be sent to the relevant authorities responsible for storage licences so they can check on deliveries.
Licensing authorities can ask to see information relating to transactions of fireworks exceeding 50 kilograms of net explosive content.
The Pyrotechnic Articles (Safety) Regulations 2010 (PDF)